70th anniversary of Doolittle Raid

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FILE - In this undated file photo, orders in his hand, Capt. Marc A. Mitscher, skipper of the U.S.S. Hornet, discusses details for the take-off of Army members for the Tokyo raid with Maj. Gen. James H. Doolittle, foreground left. Survivors of the raid on Japan at the start of World War II celebrate the 70th anniversary of their raid on Japan April 17-20, 2012, in Dayton, Ohio. (AP File Photo)

Wednesday marks the 70th anniversary of the Doolittle Raid, when 16 Army B-25 bombers struck Tokyo and other targets in Japan for the first time in World War II.

Led by Army Lt. Col. James Doolittle, the bomber crews and their planes were embarked on the aircraft carrier USS Hornet so that they could reach Japan and then fly to landing zones in China.

But on the morning of April 18, 1842, the Navy task force was sighted by a small Japanese fishing boat, prompting Doolittle to order his planes to take off about 600 miles away from the Japanese coast — too far for the bombers to fly to their landing zones afterward.

The bombers were able to reach their targets, inflicting modest damage, and their crews later crash landed or bailed out over China. One bomber landed in Russia, where the crew was interned. The raid was later immortalized by the book and movie “Thirty Seconds Over Tokyo.”

Of the 80 men who took off that day, three were killed and another eight were captured by the Japanese. Half of them died before the war’s end: Three were shot and a fourth died of disease.

While the damage done by the bombers pales in comparison to the incendiary raids later in the war, it showed Japan was vulnerable, prompting the Japanese military to make a series of decisions that ultimately led to the U.S. victory at Midway, the turning part of the war.

All five of the surviving Doolittle Raiders attended a remembrance ceremony Wednesday at the National Museum of the Air Force at Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Ohio, where 20 restored B-25 bombers took part in a memorial flyover.

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